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The world of cannabis is full of different strains, each offering its own unique experience. The big three – Indica, Sativa, and Hybrid – are key to these experiences.

So, what are they all about? What effects do they have, what makes each unique, and when should you use them?

Indica Strains

Indica strains are known for their physically relaxing effects, often recommended for nighttime use.

They typically induce feelings of deep body relaxation and can help with sleep, pain, and anxiety. Physically, Indica plants are short and bushy, with broad

leaves. They have a quicker growth cycle and are generally higher in CBD and lower in THC.

Key Characteristics

  • Effects: Relaxing and calming
  • Best for: Nighttime use
  • Plant Appearance: Short and bushy
  • Typical Uses: Sleep aid, pain relief, anxiety relief

Most Popular Indica Strains

Indica strains are widely appreciated for their relaxing and calming effects. Some of the top-rated Indica strains include:

  • Granddaddy Purple: Known for its stress-relieving properties and often used as a sleep aid.
  • Northern Lights: This strain is praised for its fast-acting, relaxing effects that help with insomnia and pain.
  • Blueberry: As the name suggests, this strain has a noticeable blueberry aroma and is used for its calming effects.
  • Afghan Kush: Originating from the Afghanistan-Pakistan border, it’s known for its heavy body high.
  • White Widow: Despite being a hybrid, it’s mostly Indica-dominant and loved for its potent euphoric effects.

When to use Indica Strains

Indica strains are ideal for evening use due to their sedative, energy-decreasing effects. They promote deep relaxation and can help relieve pain, reduce inflammation, and aid sleep. They’re beneficial for those seeking physical relief or help winding down.

For beginners, Indicas are a good choice for their calming effects compared to the energetic buzz of Sativa strains.

Sativa Strains

On the other end of the spectrum, we have Sativa strains. These are more cerebral and energizing, perfect for daytime use.

Consumers often report feeling uplifted, focused, and creative after using Sativa strains. The plants are tall, thin, and have narrow leaves. They take longer to mature than Indica plants and are usually higher in THC and lower in CBD.

Key Characteristics

Effects: Uplifting and energizing

Best for: Daytime use

Plant Appearance: Tall and thin

Typical Uses: Mood elevation, creativity boost, focus enhancement

Most Popular Sativa Strains

Sativa strains are typically energizing and uplifting, ideal for daytime use. Some of the popular Sativa strains include:

  • Sour Diesel: Known for its pungent diesel-like aroma, it offers invigorating cerebral effects.
  • Green Crack: Don’t be deterred by the name; this strain is purely cannabis and provides a mental buzz.
  • Jack Herer: Named after a famous cannabis activist, it’s known for its blissful, clear-headed, and creative effects.
  • Durban Poison: This strain has a sweet smell and delivers a potent dose of uplifting energy.
  • Super Lemon Haze: A kief-caked, multi-colored wonder known for its lively, energetic effects.

When to use Sativa Strains:

Sativa strains are great when you need a pick-me-up. Unlike Indica strains, which can make you feel sleepy, Sativas give you a boost of energy, help you focus better, and spark your creativity. They usually give you a head-high, making you feel happy and excited. So, if you need to be productive and focused during the day, Sativa strains are a good go-to. They’re also great for social events or tasks that need a creative touch.

Hybrid Strains

Hybrid strains are a combination of Indica and Sativa, designed to offer a balance of effects. Breeders create hybrids to capture the best qualities of both parents.

Depending on the parent strains, a hybrid could lean more towards Indica or Sativa, or it could be evenly balanced. The effects, growth characteristics, and uses of hybrid strains can vary widely depending on their genetic makeup.

Key Characteristics

Effects: Balanced, depends on parent strains

Best for: Anytime use Plant Appearance: Varies Typical Uses: Varies

Most Popular Hybrid Strains

Hybrid strains offer a balance of Indica and Sativa effects. Some notable hybrid strains are:

  • Blue Dream: This Sativa-dominant hybrid is famous for its full-body relaxation and cerebral invigoration.
  • Girl Scout Cookies: Known for its strong euphoria-inducing effects and is often used for pain relief.
  • OG Kush: A classic strain with a complex aroma that is both citrusy and
  • White Widow: A balanced hybrid, famous for its potent euphoric

When to use Hybrid Strains

Hybrid strains are a blend of Indica and Sativa strains, perfect for when you want a bit of both worlds. When to use a Hybrid strain depends on which type it leans more towards.

If it’s Sativa-dominant, it’s great for daytime use. It can give your mind a boost and help you relax physically at the same time. But if it’s Indica-dominant, it’s better for evenings or night as it helps you unwind and get a good night’s sleep while also keeping your mind active.

So, if you’re after a high that gives you both the upbeat, mental buzz of a Sativa and the calming, body-soothing effects of an Indica, a Hybrid strain is the way to go.

Other Cannabis Strains

Apart from the commonly known Indica and Sativa strains, the Cannabis genus also includes Hemp and Ruderalis. These types of cannabis are less well-known but play significant roles in industrial applications and botanical research.


Hemp, often referred to as industrial hemp, is a variety of Cannabis sativa that’s grown specifically for industrial uses. It’s one of the fastest-growing plants and was one of the first plants to be spun into usable fiber 10,000 years ago.

Hemp is used to produce a wide range of products including:

  • Textiles: Clothes, shoes, and bags can all be made from hemp
  • Paper: Hemp provides a more sustainable alternative to traditional wood pulp paper.
  • Food: Hemp seeds are highly nutritious and can be used in a variety of food products.
  • Building materials: ‘Hempcrete’ is a bio-composite material used in construction and insulation.
  • Biofuel: Hemp can be used to create a form of diesel fuel, known as
  • CBD oil: While all cannabis plants can produce CBD, industrial hemp is often grown for this purpose due to its high CBD and low THC content.

While hemp is a member of the Cannabis sativa species, it contains negligible amounts of THC (the psychoactive compound found in high quantities in marijuana) and won’t cause a “high.”


Cannabis ruderalis is a lesser-known type of cannabis that is native to regions in Asia, Central/Eastern Europe, and specifically Russia. Known for its ability to grow in harsh climates, ruderalis has evolved to endure environments where other types of cannabis cannot survive.

Unlike Indica and Sativa, which rely on photoperiods or light schedules to start flowering, ruderalis is auto-flowering, meaning it flowers based on age rather than light cycle. This trait makes it valuable to cannabis breeders who may cross-breed ruderalis with other strains to make them auto-flowering.

Ruderalis plants are typically small, hardy, and have lower THC levels compared to Indica or Sativa strains. While not commonly used recreationally due to its low THC content, it’s often used in medicinal cannabis strains due to its high CBD content.


Understanding the differences between Indica, Sativa, Hybrid and other strains can significantly enhance your cannabis experience. Whether you’re looking for
relaxation, a creativity boost, or a balanced effect, there’s a strain out there for you.

Remember to start slow and consume responsibly, especially if you’re new to cannabis or trying a new strain. Happy exploring!